State-wide Automated Electricity Rationing and Distribution in Delta State, Nigeria, using Regional Classification

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Godswill Ofualagba


Nigeria's current power generation output is insufficient to meet the country's demand for electricity. Not only is there a deficit in power supply, the electricity supply from the national grid erratic. This paper explored the use of automated rationing and disbursement of grid electricity based on region classification in order to cushion the negative effects of power shortage. The algorithm was employed in Delta State, Nigeria. 14 Local Government Areas (LGAs), were classified as Commercial Regions, while 11 LGAs were classified as Residential Regions. The results show that commercial LGAs can automatically receive grid electricity between 7:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. to enable businesses function normally, while Residential LGAs automatically received grid electricity between 6:00 p m. - 3:00 a m. to enable citizens enjoy their residential homes and rest well at night. The algorithm can be employed in other states of the country and can also be utilized for regions smaller than LGAs, such as towns and villages. Automated rationing and distribution of the current electricity generation output using region classification cushions the effects of power shortage and can ensure Nigeria's economy continues to thrive and flourish.

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